The simple title very much sums up the subject of this blog post! We have lots of posts on our Blog about what to do on Korcula, where to stay or what to eat but thought it would be a good idea to go back to basics and tell you a few facts about this beautiful island paradise.
Korcula is just one of Croatia’s 1185 islands. Despite only being 46.8km long and with a population of around 17,500 the island oozes with culture, a diverse landscape and a rich history. It is situated in the Adriatic Sea lying just off the Southern coast of Croatia. It is part of the coastal region, Dalmatia, which is characterised by its Mediterranean climate and warm blue seas. It lies between two other delightful islands, Hvar which is renowned for its lavender and the National Park island of Mljet and is separated from the mainland, the peninsula Peljesac by a channel of water 1270m wide.
The island was named Korkyra Melaina by the Greeks who settled here, meaning Black Korcula due to the dense woodlands covering the island. More than 60% of the island is covered by evergreen trees and plants, especially several varieties of pines and other Mediterranean vegetation. Walking along the sandy or pebbly seashore into a thick forest is quite a contrast. Despite the hot Mediterranean climate the land here is very fertile and an abundance of fruit (lime, lemon, mandarin) and olive trees and of course vineyards speckle the landscape.
Dotted across the island are several villages and towns, with the most well known being the old walled town of Korcula (which shares the same name as the island). There are lots of secluded and hidden bays around the coastline of Korcula, which provides great shelter for sailors. There are also a number of other smaller islets lying just off shore, which are part of the Korcula archipelago such as Badija and Vrnik.
Korcula is well known for its production of wine, notably, the highly unpronounceable white wine, Grk grown in Lumbarda (the only place in Croatia) and Posip which is grown mainly in the mainland villages of Cara and Smokvica. The island has also historically produced highly skilled stonemasons and ship-builders. Today less people are involved in these trades; however everyone maintains their love of music and dance. Throughout the summer the air is punctuated with the harmonious sounds of Klapa singers (a single sex group of a cappella singers) or the clink of metal, as the sword fighters in the spectacular Moreska dance, fight over the fair Bula (maiden).
Korcula is a popular holiday destination, particularly in July and August when people take advantage of the luscious blue seas and warm weather. You can appreciate the island more without the crowds so June and September are fantastic months to visit, as are May and October, although the weather becomes a little less predictable.
We hope you will be able to see Korcula in all its beauty yourself one day.